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Approaches in Psychology

Approaches in Psychology

Approaches in Psychology (2)

Wednesday, 06 January 2010 19:53

Operant Conditioning

Written by Keiron Walsh
Operant Conditioning is a process of learning whereby the likelihood of a particular behaviour being repeated is determined by the consequences of previous occurences of the behaviour. Initially the behaviour occurs by chance and is followed by either reinforcements, punishments or neutral consequences. Reinforcements increase the frequency of the behaviour being repeated, punishments decrease the frequency and neutral consequences have no effect.
Saturday, 06 September 2008 13:46

Classical Conditioning

Written by Keiron Walsh
Classical conditioning involves the transfer of an established physiological response to a stimulus to another stimulus that does not normally produce the response, by repeated pairings of the new stimulus with a stimulus that already produces the response. After a number of such pairings, the previously neutral stimulus will produce the response when presented alone.